The MEP installations can face many mistakes during the construction of the projects, this is in case the work is done by electricians who are not well experienced or careless.
So, in this article, I tried to focus on the common mistakes done by some electrical designers and execution teams while installing the MEP services in the projects.
List of MEP Common Mistakes:
Mistake number One
The electrical team will exceed the permitted maximum filling ratio of a conduit or a tray, which means, more wires or cables are pulled inside a conduit that is exceeding the accepted fill ratio.
As per NEC table 1 in photo no.1, the maximum allowable fill ratio for more than 2 cables inside a conduit is 40%, but sometimes the designer or the installer or both of them forget or doesn’t take care of this point, so the construction team will have a lot of wires or cables are pulled inside a conduit and take space inside the conduit more than the allowable fill ratio.
Mistake Number Two
The electrical forget to install Junction boxes in the routing of electrical exposed EMT conduits, although we have more than four 90-degree bends because this affecting on cable or wire-pulling inside the conduit.
Also, later for any maintenance purpose, it will be very difficult to pull new wires/cables or re-pull them. Please refer to photo no. 2 which is a screenshot from NEC article number 358.26 which is talking about the same matter.
Mistake number Three
This mistake happens when the electrical team is not installing an expansion coupler where the electrical conduit is crossing a structural expansion joint.
Is either this conduit is embedded in the concrete slab before its casting or the conduit is installed exposed in the slab soffit.
Please refer to photo no. 3 &4 show the expansion couplers from manufacturers’ catalogs for LSF conduit which will be embedded in the concrete and also EMT conduit which will be installed as exposed in the slab soffit respectively.
Mistake number Four
In this mistake, we will talk about not installing inspection bends at the routing of an exposed when it’s crossing a dropped concrete beam.
Usually, we can see this mistake happens especially at the basement level, because may we will have a lot of concrete drop beams in the basement level.
At the same time, if the electrical didn’t install the conduits of the different electrical/Low current systems (like BMS conduits, Electrical lighting & Power conduits, Data Conduits, Fire Alarm conduits…etc) embedded in the concrete slab of the basement before its casting, so you will have many conduits shall be installed exposed, and in this case, there’s a high chance that these conduits may cross the concrete drop beams.
As you can in the following photo which I captured from one of our projects, you can notice when the RGS exposed conduits try to cross the drop concrete beam, it needs 4 bends (90 degrees), which will be very difficult to pull the wires/cables later.
That’s why we shall install inspection bends before and after the concrete drop beams, this is to make the wire pulling process easy as possible.
Moreover, without installing these inspection bends, it will be difficult for pulling or do maintenance for the wires or cables which are installed inside the conduit.
In this photo, we have two inspection bends, one before the drop concrete beam, and the other one is after the concrete beam. In between them, we installed a saddle to hold the RGS pipe with the beam.
Mistake number Five
This mistake can be done by the newbie electricians, where they will pull a single wire that carries a voltage inside a metal conduit, which will cause induction currents and at the end will cause burning of the wire. Please refer to photo no. 6 from NEC article no. 215.4 which is describing the same.
Mistake number Six
This mistake is a common mistake in construction projects, it can happen while installing the electrical conduit (uPVC or PVC) in concrete slab before casting.
Due to no proper coordination between electrical and mechanical teams, this coordination must be done first in the shop drawing stage before the construction, but lack of proper coordination can cause the electrical conduits may cross in the place of a mechanical penetration.
Mostly, this will happen when the mechanical penetration is not yet marked on the plywood of formwork, so the delay in marking the mechanical openings/penetrations on the slab by the mechanical team, the more chance to cut these electrical conduits which are passing at the same location of these penetrations and are not rerouted.
Also, the same problem can happen with the electrical team themselves, this is when the electrical team didn’t mark first the locations of their required openings for electrical cable trays, ICT cable trays, Busways…etc.
So, the delay of marking these electrical/ICT openings, the more chance of having a clash between the electrical conduits on the slab with these electrical/ICT openings.
In all cases, the best solution for this mistake is to mark and directly provide block-outs using plywood wooden boxes or (Sleeves) of all the mechanical & electrical penetrations in the slab, this is before starting the installation of the electrical conduits.
This is shown in photo no. 7
Thank you for your time for reading this article, see you later with other explanations in the MEP division.
Mistake number Seven
This is a silly mistake, it happens due to the confusion from the electrician side between the stud anchor bolt & unifix.
The confusion will come from the proper drill pit size which will be used for drilling the hole of the stud anchor bolt because in most cases, the electrician is used to install the unifix, so when he has a unfix with a size 16mm (M16), he will need to use a concrete drill pit with a size 18mm (extra 2mm than the size of the unifix).
But, when he needs to install a Stud Anchor Bolt with a size 16mm (M16), in this case, he needs to use a drill bit with a size 16mm.
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